Now, here’s the rub. If "too" comes in the middle of a sentence then you should either have two commas or no commas. The Associated Press Stylebook 2015 advises, "Set off nonessential phrases by commas." After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station. So, what should we do now? My suggestion, therefore, is to work from the standpoint that any answer with the construction comma + because/since is probably wrong, and only reevaluate that assumption if there’s a clear grammatical problem with every other answer. Check to see if you have a complete thought on both sides of the “conjunctive adverb.” If you do, then you can use a period to make two sentences, or you can use a semicolon after the first complete thought. X ... no, yep, nope, well, and well then as interjections when they stand alone at the beginning of a sentence—follow them with a comma. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. I agree, however, that it doesn’t need the comma before ‘but’. For the moment, though, I want to address a topic that a couple of people have written to me about recently, namely the “no comma before ‘because’ or ‘since’ rule.”. We just made a joke!) Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. Incorrect: So the new theater company has been forced to suspend its productions for lack of funding, the city’s government has curtailed spending on all non-essential services. Rule 1. Use a comma to separate the author's last and first names, listing the last name first: "Smith, Jonathan." If you are ill, you ought to see a doctor. 2. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door.. Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. A comma splice is the use of a comma … a. The information and opinions expressed on The Critical Reader are the exclusive work of Erica Meltzer and are in no way affiliated with the College Board or the ACT. Since, when it refers to time, normally appears in past/present perfect tenses. (Did you get that? Here are two of the offending sentences: So, how was the interview? [result] They’re rather expensive, since [reason] they’re quite hard to find. When the subject consists of several parts, e.g., of several nouns, a comma should be placed after the last part: Either way, you’ll use a comma after the faker in the second complete thought. This page has examples of the different types of fronted adverbials and an interactive exercise. It depends! I ate the pie and, since then, I have had a stomach ache. To aid reading, a comma is used after a fronted adverbial or a fronted adjective phrase. (14) Marta handed in the application but did not like it very much. 2. 3. How to use since then in a sentence. (Did you get that? Cite it. Coming in 2021: AP® Literature and Composition Guide, 2021 GMAT book updates delayed (serious printing error in Official Verbal Review). Robert Traynor on December 11, 2015 3:05 am. That did make me rethink things, but only up to a point. 6-minute read . It has examples and an interactive exercise. Therefore, as a result, so, then, consequently. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. (13) The rain poured down and ruined the parade. In the universe of SAT grammar errors, it’s a pretty minor one, and for that reason it’s pretty certain that an answer’s correctness/incorrectness will never depend exclusively on it. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while.. This issue is not limited to subordinate clauses beginning with “that”. 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