Although only one of these Following the Liberal election defeat of 1886, Hartington decided to maintain the independence of his party by declining Salisbury’s offer to join the new Conservative administration. Classical liberalism in the Liberal party since 1886. The political history of Liberalism in the twenty years after 1886 was dominated by two great concerns: the need to find a unifying platform for the party which would be capable of sustaining it as an effective political force in the post-Gladstonian era and the need to come to terms with the growing economic and political strength of organized Labour. In 1886, the Liberal Party Prime Minister of the UK, William Gladstone, decided that in order to end the problems in Ireland, some action would have to be taken. In 1891 he became leader of the Liberal Unionists in the House of Commons and in 1895 he was appointed Colonial Secretary. William Gladstone now attempted to convince Parliament to accept Irish Home Rule. Most commentary, coloured by hindsight of the schism in the party in 1886, has focussed on its difficulties. Despite significant achievements including the 1884 Reform Act the 1880-1885 Gladstonian administration has not been celebrated in the same way as its Liberal predecessor. The final death of classical liberalism as a force or element within the Liberal Party has been announced many times over the last hundred and thirty years. THE LIBERAL PARTY OF COLOMBIA, 1886-1899 U URING the first six decades of Colombia's existence as an inde-* pendent nation, it experienced five major revolutions (1839-42, 1854, 1859-62, 1876-77, 1885-86) as well as innumerable upris-ings confined to specific regions or localities. For the Land Purchase Bill THE LIBERAL PARTY AND GLADSTONE'S LAND PURCHASE BILL OF 1886 GRAHAM D. GOOD'LAD Magdalene College, Cambridge It is hardly surprising that, for many years, historians of the political crisis of I885-6 gave relatively little attention to the land purchase proposals which accompanied Gladstone's first Home Rule Bill. J. T. Bunce, editor of the Birmingham Daily Post, at once Birmingham was exceptional in this respect. Conservative and Unionist party office, Edinburgh. The result was a catastrophic split in the Liberal Party, and heavy defeat in the 1886 election at the hands of Lord Salisbury, who was supported by the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party. Gladstone and the Liberal Party won the 1886 General Election. Nonetheless, it was agreed that the Liberal Unionists would keep the government in power until the threat of Home Rule had passed. There was a final weak Gladstone ministry in 1892, but it also was dependent on Irish support and failed to get Irish Home Rule through the House of Lords. 40 ‘West of Scotland Liberal Unionist Committee, draft report of executive’, n.d., p. 1, contained in minute book of the West of Scotland branch of the Liberal Committee for the maintenance of the Legislative Union between Great Britain and Ireland, 10 May 1886 to 31 Aug. 1894. In 1886 he formed an alliance with Lord Salisbury’s Conservatives which ensured the defeat of the Home Rule bill and Gladstone’s Liberals in the election of that year. The proposal split the party and Parliament rejected the measure. The split in the Liberal party in 1886 arising from Gladstone’s conversion to the cause of Irish home rule was a turning point in British politics. It was not surprising, therefore, that the first response amongst Liberals to the flight of the Hawarden Kite was so circumspect. Gladstone was defeated in the polls in the 1886 General Election but was once again elected to … 186 THE CAUCUS AND THE LIBERAL PARTY IN 1886 Irish question played little part in the inter-party debate in 1885. Yet, as the need to keep on repeating the pronouncement of final death shows, the … He felt that giving Ireland back their local Parliament, which was removed in the Act of Union of 1800, would solve the problem. setting up the Liberal Unionist Party.