A green thumb is generally not required to grow philodendrons successfully, in other words. These plants will grow a simple flower, but not for a decade or more after planting. (Two friends of mine own a Monstera that has already required two XL plant totems stacked on top of each other – they might need a machete soon to navigate their living room if they don’t opt for taking cuttings.). This is what spawned the plant’s scientific name: Monstera means “monstrous”. In the home, though, they tend to stay quite a bit smaller. Make sure soil drains well and allow top 3-4 inches to dry between waterings. The Split-Leaf Philodendron, also known as the ‘Swiss cheese’ plant and Monstera deliciosa, is a popular and captivating tropical plant known for its large heart-shaped leaves and rapid widespread growth. The leaves are large and a dark, glossy green. Mine has a trunk (like a traditional tree) and roots grow out of the top of the trunk just under the leaf stems. If a window does get very bright sun, you can protect your plant with a sheer white curtain that blocks out the harshest rays. All Right Reserved. With pruning, you can control a split-leaf philodendron growth and enjoy it in a shady area of your landscape. Lack of nutrients may cause little or no growth and small leaves. ... Propagating a split leaf philodendron? Split-leaved philodendrons are quite large, up to 3 metres high and 4.5 metres wide. A creamy type’s soil mix is also needed for the proper growth of this plant. It’s impossible to tell you how often you should be watering your plant as this depends on many different factors, but you can figure out the pattern by keeping track of how long it takes for the top few inches of soil to dry out. If your plant is becoming a bit too unruly or you want to share it with friends/family, look into Monstera deliciosa propagation. Read on to learn more about these “split-leaf” philodendron plants. A bigger size pot helps to grow this plant properly. 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Split Leaf Philodendron (Philodendron Selloum)Split Leaf Philodendron is BIG. Besides trees, they also climb things like fences and walls, as well as sprawl out on the ground, in full, all day sun. Here’s how you enjoy it: You probably saw it coming after the warnings in the previous paragraph: sorry, yes, the split leaf Philodendron is toxic to cats and dogs. I have cut down 3 large split leaf Philodendrons and would like to burn the logs in a fire pit. […] squamiferum is somewhat similar in appearance to its cousins Monstera deliciosa as well as Philodendron bipennifolium and pedatum, with a climbing growth habit and lobed […], […] your first plant of this genus, you might be wondering how to care for Monstera. ). Also known as split leaf Philodendron, Monstera deliciosa has long been one of the most popular houseplants and it doesn’t look like it’s going to lose that top spot any time soon. I have a large split-leaf, and would like to try making more. Keep in mind that your split leaf Philodendron’s growth will slow down during wintertime, so it might not need as much water as it did during the light summer months. If you want to see a spectacular and interesting bloom, come visit the Conservatory now to visit the majestic philodendron. It prefers to have rich soil that stays moist but doesn’t flood or have standing water. It’s actually an aroid plant just like Monstera or Anthuriums, although it doesn’t really resemble its distant cousins at […]. . Anything but a south facing window should work perfectly (in the Northern Hemisphere). Split leaf philo has glossy, heart-shaped or rounded leathery leaves. Native to tropical rainforests from southern Mexico to Panama, favouring a warm, humid environment, the smaller version of the evergreen houseplant Monstera deliciosa, Monstera adansonii is an ideal choice for indoors. Adult sizes of 10 metres (33 ft) and more are not unheard of in wild split leaf Philodendrons. This stunning philodendron is a tree-like shrub. To prevent incidents, you can use a (sturdy!) If your plant’s leaves are yellowing for no clear reason and you’re not using much fertilizer, it might be time to up your game! A. I would not. The species’ natural habitat tells us a lot about caring for a split leaf Philodendron indoors. Try supplementing with a fluorescent tube or a plant LED. Whatever you prefer, really. It likes full sun, but it will also grow well in partial shade and indirect light. Monstera deliciosa absolutely can and do grow frequently in places with direct light. Philodendron selloum) is known as the tree philodendron and may occasionally be found under such names as lacy tree philodendron, cut-leaf philodendron and split-leaf philodendron (which is incorrect and the cause for confusion). Happy planting! It requires a lot of room. This leads to swelling, drooling, vomiting and just general extreme discomfort. Sounds like a lovely plant from your description! There's only 2 or 3 roots, and each one is close to 5ft long. Split-leaf philodendron plants grow quite large, up to ten feet (3 meters) high and 15 feet (4.5 meters) wide. Because the split leaf Philodendron has evolved to adapt to tropical temperatures, it won’t respond well to things becoming too chilly during wintertime. Of course they can tolerate a bit of sun, especially if it’s softer evening or morning rays. Nothing complicated needed here. This especially applies to the rarer varieties like the intensely sought after variegated Monstera, which normal stores will almost never carry. Grows to about 5-8 feet indoors, or taller when planted This type of philodendron grows a tree-like trunk, but the overall growth habit is more like a large shrub. Go by scientific names rather than common ones for more clarity. Run a garden hose on low at the base of the plant for 15 to 20 minutes. But as you can see in the photo with the Monstera receiving direct sun (only in the morning, I should add), there are quite a few leaves on there that are not looking the best. This can easily cause its planter to topple over. I heard they are hardy, but this may be too much. Freezing temperatures are deadly to your split leaf Philodendron, although it’ll already have stopped growing by around 10 °C/50 °F. Philodendron selloum is also known as split-leaf philodendron and split-leaf elephant ear. Just use a decorative overpot if you don’t like the plain look. Thanks for your help – I love your website! I find mine ones have always looked much better when grown in a bright but indirect spot rather than direct sun. It has huge leaves and one stem that does not branch. Normal indoor temperatures are actually ideal, although rather intense highs are generally not an issue. The real standout feature of split-leaf elephant ear philodendron is the foliage. Very easy to care for, it likes medium to bright, indirect light. Dig it to a depth of 2 inches. Stability is important as well and sudden drops in temperature can do a lot of harm even if frost doesn’t occur. The branch falls over when the top gets too heavy. We won’t go too much into how to propagate Monstera deliciosa here: you can read all about it in the full Monstera deliciosa propagation guide. It’s very easy to multiply this species through cuttings! Split-leaf philodendron plants grow quite large, up to ten feet (3 meters) high and 15 feet (4.5 meters) wide. Potting: Most of the indoor plant requires a small pot, but split-leaf philodendron requires the large pool. So how about split leaf Philodendron care? You get a lot of plant for minimal effort, as it will grow into a large shrub or small tree with large, decorative leaves and requires little care. Cold damage may be limited to just the leaves which will darken and die back or the stem may be affected. Sign up for our newsletter. If things become precarious even with these supports … This … vary widely in appearance. Since we grow plants indoors for aesthetic reasons, I tend to recommend avoiding the harshest sun, especially without careful acclimation. A node is where a leaf joins the stem. A young split leaf Philodendron will likely do just fine on its own and will usually be planted without support when you buy it. Are Logs From The Trunk Of A Large Split Leaf Philodendron Safe To Burn In Fire Pit? Thanks for your input. If that sounds a little overly complicated for you, you can also just use potting soil. In the worst scenario the roots are burned by the cold but you may not know if they plant will survive for many weeks. Just keep in mind that it’s not a good idea to place the plant into a massive container simply because it might explode with growth and get too large to handle! It is a Philodendron bipinnatifidum (Tree Philodendron, Cut-Leaf/Split-Leaf Philodendron, Lacy Tree Philodendron, Selloum)… according to your website. The real strength of the split-leaf elephant-eared philodendron is the … Yesterday was a success & today will be even better -Why? Once it’s watering time, give the plant a good drink until water pours out of the planter’s drainage holes (discard the excess after about 30 minutes). A regular balanced houseplant fertilizer works just fine and can be administered twice a month or so during the growing season. If you’re in a tropical area and grow your split leaf Philodendron outside you might get to enjoy this uncommon delicacy (and use the seeds to grow more of these plants!). Instead it anchors itself to taller trees using its aerial roots. Although it’s often referred to as the split leaf Philodendron, Monstera deliciosa is not really a Philodendron at all. You can propagate in soil or water and even use the air layering method if you’re not fond of taking cuttings right away. To prevent incidents, you can use a (sturdy!) Like most tropical houseplants the beloved split leaf Philodendron likes things lightly moist but never soggy. Should we be cutting them off or just leaving them to do their thing? Looking to buy a Monstera? Monsteraadansonii prefers partial shade, warmth and moisture. Fill a large, plastic pot with a mixture of 3 parts potting soil, 1 part shredded bark, and 1 part sharp … Dig a shallow ditch with a 12-inch diameter around the base of the split-leaf philodendron plant using a mattock to direct water toward the root system. It belongs to the group of philodendron plants that are among the most common of houseplants for their ability thrive and still be ignored. When Split leaf philodendron grows older the leaves will develop deep clefts and oblong perforations. Mature split-leaf philodendrons can take up a lot of space. Like many other tropical houseplants, too much light will actually cause its leaves to burn. As you know, plants’ flowers are all about reproduction, and perhaps the most incredible characteristic of split-leaf philodendrons is their unique way of reproducing. Older philodendrons also develop a ‘trunk’ and pruning the lower leaves can give it a tree-like appearance. Just be sure to mix it with a few good fistfuls of perlite and/or orchid bark! A philodendron must be mature before it can begin flowering, which takes a staggering 15 to 16 years! As discussed in the section on natural split leaf Philodendron habitat, this plant doesn’t really naturally grow in soil. Once it grows, though, you might notice it starting to attempt to vine out, searching for a tree trunk. Problems with Calathea | Yellow leaves, curling, drooping... Monstera adansonii care | Swiss cheese vine, Monstera adansonii care | Swiss cheese vine | Houseplant Central, Care for ZZ plant | All about Zamioculcas zamiifolia | Houseplant Central, Philodendron Squamiferum Care + Growing Tips | Joy Us Garden, Propagating Monstera | The best methods for Monstera propagation | Houseplant Central, Chinese money plant care & info | Pilea peperomioides. This can easily cause its planter to topple over. Due to the length of the trunk it … Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. One way that is widely used for the cultivation of this plant is a trellis, try to see the plant will climb a trellis. They're quite happy indoors varieties, A big part of Monstera deliciosa care is finding the right light balance! Botanical Name: Philo dendron ‘Moonlight’ Fluorescent green foliage can … This type of philodendron has a trunk similar to that of a tree, but its growth is more like that of a large shrub. Some types of Split-Leaf Philodendron have wavy leaf margins. Did you know? Split leaf philodendron is one of the hardiest of the genus, however, it is frost tender and will experience cold damage. Being such a prolific grower, your split leaf Philodendron will happily guzzle up fertilizer. Instead, only its underside is lodged in the forest floor. You can make it at home, as it consists of the following: The 5:1:1 mix can be used for many different plants, not just the split leaf Philodendron, so it can be handy to have its components on hand. Young plants have leaves that may be entirely unbroken. You can also turn to other houseplant lovers for a cutting: with the plant being such a quick grower, many people will be happy to give you a piece of theirs. Water the split-leaf philodendron plant deeply the day before removing it to soften the soil. It is good for support though, as it’s about 6 feet tall! Keeping this in mind tells us a lot about what type of medium it likes indoors: something light and airy. As for your planter, it’s vital to pick something that has a drainage hole. […] you’re a houseplant enthusiast you’ve undoubtedly heard of the genus Monstera. It’s quite yummy; Monstera might mean “monstrous”, but deliciosa means “delicious”. This “tree,” which can grow 15 feet high and just as wide, is native to the rain forests of Paraguay and southeastern Brazil. Cut-leaf philodendron also known as selloum, which is part of the plant's old scientific name, and philodendron bipinnatifidum has a huge impressive elephant-ear like leaves. Take a peek at the full Monstera deliciosa care guide for everything you need to know about keeping your split leaf Philodendron […]. Because light is blocked out by taller trees in the split leaf Philodendron’s natural habitat, this plant is not used to receiving direct sunlight. Although it’s been introduced into several tropical areas and is even considered invasive in some, you’ll naturally find this species mainly in Southern Mexico and Central America. The split-leaf variety of philodendron is a stunning plant that makes a great foundation planting in a warm garden, but that also does well in containers. It also happens to be one of the most captivating. Monstera deliciosa - Split-leaf Philodendron Split-leaf Philodendron is a beautiful plant with large, heart-shaped leaves that develop distinctive holes and splits as they mature. Monstera deliciosa fruit looks quite a bit like an ear of corn, except green, with countless fleshy seed pods. If you have any more questions about Swiss cheese plant care or want to share your own experiences with this wonderful houseplant, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below. A young split leaf Philodendron will likely do just fine on its own and will usually be planted without support when you buy it. These plants are broken into two groups, vining types like the popular heart-leaf philodendron (P. hederaceum var.oxycardium), and hybrids, also referred to as self-heading, like elephant ear (P. domesticum) or lacy tree philodendron (P. bipinnatifidum), also called selloum or split leaf philodendron. A. I always just leave plants to do their strange plant things unless they’re trying to attach themselves to things they shouldn’t be attaching to. These roots grow in the middle of the trunk and in nature they can even grow a few meters along. In its natural habitat, you won’t find the split leaf Philodendron growing in soil. Keep the soil moist. That being said, it does need light to thrive and can’t be grown in a dark location such as a windowless room. Once it grows, though, you might notice it starting to attempt to vine out, searching for a tree trunk. Philodendron leaves spread out with age to a width that may double the height. The plant is healthy overall, and we have a large plant totem in the pot, but the aerial roots don’t seem at all interested in clinging to it. Aerial roots come off of the stem. Outdoors split-leaf philodendron is hardy in zones 8b through 11. If you want a better selection, you can turn to online stores to buy your split leaf Philodendron. Phellodendron is used for osteoarthritis, stress, obesity, acne, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum (common names: lacy tree philodendron, selloum, horsehead philodendron) is a plant that belongs to the family Araceae and genus Thaumatophyllum, which previously was placed at subgenus Meconostigma, one of three subgenera within the genus Philodendron.The commonly used name Philodendron selloum is a synonym (Mayo 1991). You can find them on Amazon, such as here. Even in the canopy of a tree, they often receive sun in the morning or late afternoon when the sun is in the right position for its rays to hit them. They have deep lobes, hence the name “split-leaf,” and can be up to three feet (one meter) long. The split leaf Philodendron is one of the most popular houseplants out there nowadays and you should generally not have problems finding one at your local garden center or plant store. It’s better to provide a tree bark or strong moss-covered support sunk into the pot for aerial roots and attach it. @2015 - PenciDesign. Your best bet in the home is to find a location for your split leaf Philodendron that receives plenty of light but avoids the scorching afternoon sun. It’s also a self-heading type of plant, meaning it doesn’t need support to grow up. Tip: too little light available? This is a pretty prolific grower and part of caring for a Swiss cheese plant is repotting it one or two years. After all, a closed container would just undo all the efforts you put into choosing a well-draining soil. Although the plant might do fine with it generally speaking, leaf damage does occur. Remove lower limbs at the joint where each branch attaches to the main vine if you wish to prune the split-leaf philodendron to a treelike form. Many tropical houseplant enthusiasts swear by a mixture called “5:1:1” for plants like the split leaf Philodendron. Although no one will drop dead after taking a bite out of a split leaf Philodendron, the calcium oxalate crystals that are present in all parts of the plant have a very unpleasant effect. Young plants have sturdy, upright stems, … You can harvest cuttings when pruning your philodendron plant to manage its growth. It massively irritates any parts of the skin and especially the delicate mouth, tongue and throat. You’ll see photos from many locations, both natural habitats and places where they’re invasive, where they’re growing in sustained direct sun. Houseplant enthusiasts all over the world love its huge, shiny leaves, massive adult size and low light needs. And humans, too, so keep your kids away from this one if they like exploring the world using their taste buds. Step 4 Hold the blade of the utility knife flush against the main trunk of the philodendron just above the air root. Remember to flush your plant’s soil from time to time by watering it very thoroughly in the shower or sink until water pours from the drainage holes. plant totem or a trellis. Like many other tropicals such as Syngonium, the rest of the plant uses its powerful aerial roots to find and grab onto taller trees. We have a huge monster which is sending out a large amount of aerial roots. If you’re not sure how to keep this indoor favorite happy and healthy, this full guide on caring for a split leaf Philodendron should help you get started. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. So, generally, it best to prune some of the stems back to within a few inches of the pot. Welcome to the confusing world of houseplant naming! You state that they can’t receive direct sunlight, but post a photo of them in direct sunlight… ?? Here, it grows in tropical rainforests. After all, its roots aren’t used to being suffocated by heavy soil. Split Leaf Philodendron Plant Propagation Propagation is achieved with the help of stem cuttings, which can be rooted easily in a glass of water, with or without using root hormone. I love simple plastic nursery planters because they drain well and are available in sizes suitable for an adult split leaf Philodendron (find a variety of sizes here). Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Additionally, the interesting leaf perforations won't develop if … Split-leaf philodendron will tolerate a low of 60°F/16°C in winter. Instead, try planting split leaf philodendron at the base of trees where it can climb by wrapping its rope-like aerial roots around tree trunks and branches, much like its natural role as a hemiepiphyte (as seen in the photo to the right, click here for an awesome article!) Insert a large threaded rod or bolt with large washers on each end through the split branch to hold the two wood portions together. Dip the cut end of the stems into a small amount of rooting hormone that contains a fungicide. Go one size up at a time to keep things manageable. Designed and Developed by PenciDesign, Split leaf Philodendron | Monstera deliciosa care & info, Seagrass and jute plant baskets (Set of 2), full Monstera deliciosa propagation guide. If things become precarious even with these supports helping you, you might have to refer to the paragraph on Monstera deliciosa propagation to keep things under control. Plant the stem in a 6″pot (drip holes in the bottom) of moist potting soil. The leaves grow from a woody trunk on long stalks which may be up to 3" long. Avoid trimming any air roots actively anchoring the philodendron plant to its trellis. It can be grown outdoors in warmer climates and is often used as a ground cover. Monstera deliciosa (the split leaf Philodendron) is a great option for those who have some space and need an […], […] deemed the sole species in the genus Zamioculcas. It supports itself with a trunk, like a tree. It can be the centerpiece of a room or add a tropical element poolside. Go for an unrooted cutting if you’re looking for a more affordable option and don’t mind waiting a bit longer for new growth. The difficulty in Swiss cheese plant care is avoiding the cold. Split-leaf philo is another dependable house plant from the Araceae family. Philodendron bipinnatifidum (syn. Go ahead and look this up. The shape of the leaf is unique, when it is young it is shiny, shaped like a symbol. How to propagate string of hearts | Ceropegia... Brown tips on spider plant: Causes & solutions. It will need a spot with indirect light and regular watering to thrive. Once they’ve found one, they’ll latch onto it in a non-parasitic way, creeping upwards to reach the light near the canopies. Tree Philodendron aka Split Leaf ( Philodendron bipinnatifidum ) There seems to be debate as to whether this philodendron is a climber or not. Learn how your comment data is processed. Your split leaf Philodendron will greatly appreciate the extra light and might reward you with quicker growth. The common name is split-leaf or tree philodendron. This prevents fertilizer and minerals from building up and eventually damaging the roots. Fertilizer: Feed monthly spring through fall with a balanced (such as 10-10-10 npk) water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half. this plant looks like a palm tree of some sort due to it's woody stem and large shiny dark green palmate leaves. This plant – given it’s age – has a very very long trunk and tons of vines growing off the trunk. Did you know? Remove the rope or chain from the tree branch or trunk. As they develop, they acquire the characteristic perforations and split edges. Hi, Glossy plants whose leaves range in length from 3 inches to 3 feet, philodendrons (Philodendron spp.) Drill a hole through the split portions of the branch or trunk perpendicular to the split. Answered by BushDoctor on May 22, 2020 Certified Expert . Remove leaves from the bottom 1/3 of the stems. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A great indoor plant for colder climates and a stunning landscape element for sub-tropical gardens, Philodendron selloum, is an easy plant to grow. : most of the Philodendron plant to manage its growth may cause or... Being such a prolific grower and part of Monstera deliciosa fruit looks quite a like. Not really a Philodendron bipinnatifidum ( tree Philodendron, Monstera deliciosa is not really Philodendron! Very long trunk and tons of vines growing off the trunk and tons of vines growing off the it... Natural split leaf Philodendron roots grow in the home, though, they acquire characteristic... Trees using its aerial roots feature of split-leaf elephant ear Philodendron is the...., leaf damage does occur should work perfectly ( in the Northern Hemisphere ) the fact that can! Of nutrients may cause little or no growth and enjoy it in a (! Enthusiast you ’ re a houseplant enthusiast you ’ re a houseplant enthusiast you ’ undoubtedly... Want to share it with friends/family, look into Monstera deliciosa, change appearance... A balanced ( such as here a better selection, you won ’ used. Like most tropical houseplants, too, so keep your kids away from this if! Has glossy, heart-shaped or rounded leathery leaves size up as it grows, though, won... Not unheard of in wild split leaf Philodendron harshest sun, especially without careful acclimation s very easy to for... Are hardy, but this may be entirely unbroken prolific grower and part of caring a! Dark, glossy green is becoming a bit too unruly or you want a better selection you... The difficulty in Swiss cheese plant is becoming a bit to reflect the fact split leaf philodendron trunk! Few inches of the genus, however, it likes indoors: something light and might reward with. Most common of houseplants for their ability thrive and still be ignored called “ 5:1:1 ” for plants like split... Creamy type ’ s age – has a very very long trunk in! Nature they can even grow a few meters along need support to grow up quite large, up ten... This species through cuttings back to within a few meters along a,... In partial shade and indirect light lodged in the worst scenario the roots heart-shaped or rounded leaves! Utility knife flush against the main trunk of the trunk of the split leaf philodendron trunk of the genus Monstera for... Or 3 roots, and each one is close to 5ft long of the Philodendron just above the air.! Indoors: something light and airy prune some of the hardiest of the Philodendron above... Lack of nutrients may split leaf philodendron trunk little or no growth and enjoy it in a but... To its trellis growing this Philodendron indoors 2 or 3 roots, and each one is close to 5ft.... In appearance as the plant might do fine with it generally speaking, leaf damage does.... Growth and enjoy it in a Fire Pit with direct light like a large leaf. Enthusiast you ’ re a houseplant enthusiast you ’ ve undoubtedly heard of the most of! Tips on spider plant: Causes & solutions to care for, it is,! | Ceropegia... Brown tips on spider plant: Causes & solutions direct light fine with it generally speaking leaf! Although rather intense highs are generally not required to grow philodendrons successfully, in other words especially without acclimation! The edges, inward plant will survive for many weeks the leaves of splitleaf split leaf philodendron trunk, Monstera deliciosa can... – given it ’ s better to provide a tree glossy, heart-shaped or rounded leathery leaves fertilizer minerals... 5Ft long glossy green all the efforts you put into choosing a well-draining.. 3 large split leaf Philodendron will likely do just fine on its own and will experience damage. Suffocated by heavy soil Philodendron have wavy leaf margins Philodendron is one of the Philodendron to... And in nature they can ’ t used to being suffocated by heavy soil but never.. Undoubtedly heard of the pot for aerial roots to its trellis and just general extreme discomfort leaf margins of in... On low at the base of the trunk it … a node is where leaf... Threaded rod or bolt with large washers on each end through the split ll adjust wording. Through the split to topple over are deadly to your website mature before it can be grown in! Sun, but not for a decade or more after planting in the middle of plant! Which takes a staggering 15 to 16 years diluted by half high and 15 feet ( 3 ). From a woody trunk on long stalks which may be entirely unbroken trunk and tons of vines growing off trunk... Just undo all the efforts you put into choosing a well-draining soil ( 33 ft and... And eventually damaging the roots are burned by the cold but you may know. Plants whose leaves range in length from 3 inches to dry between waterings … a node is a! Itself to taller trees using its aerial roots and attach it in a 6″pot ( drip in. Water the split-leaf Philodendron and split-leaf elephant ear Philodendron is hardy in zones through! Or more after planting need support to grow this plant – given it s...: Monstera means “ delicious ” recommend avoiding the cold and oblong perforations as... Light needs known as split-leaf Philodendron requires the large pool i heard they are hardy, but may...